We talk down clan and tribe affiliations as though these are innately inferior levels of moral development as compared to national identities based on geo-political and other equally arbitrary designations. Let’s be clear; any identification with others, positive or negative, which is
based solely on arbitrary characteristics (those the individual does not choose but is born into), is GROUPISM. The specific kind, ought be of interest only to those specializing in the taxonomy of psychosis.
A. Darius Kamali